What is a “world view“? It is the lens through which a person sees his surroundings. They are the beliefs about the limits and workings of the world shared by the members of a society and represented in their myths, lore, ceremonies, social conduct, and general values.
There are three types of world views.
Guilt vs. Innocence (N. America, Europe)
Fear vs. Power (Africa, S. America)
Shame vs. Honor (Asia, Middle East, North Africa, parts of S. America)
Everyone possesses some of these three world views in different ratios. A lot of a person’s world view is effected by where they grew up, family, community and religion. The ratios of your world view change over time. This is a result of the movement of cultures within societies, often over centuries.
Components of the different world views:
1. there is a right and a wrong
2. good guys vs. the bad guys (ex. Hollywood movies)
3. something is bad even if no one knows
4. wrong is based on standards, not opinion
1. if innocent, one feels good
2. Abuse mechanism: Innocence at all costs
1. man (politicians, strangers, police, etc)
2. supernatural (evil eye, amulets, etc)
3. the unknown – change, lack of security
1. Adhering to family or society standards
2. Focus is on acting honorably, not correctly
1. Family/group honor is the guideline for actions
2. Abuse mechanism: Not bad unless I get caught.
Where have you come from? Where are you today in your world view and how was it influenced? What influenced your world view? The three primary world views are present in the world view of every distinct group of people. In working and living in another culture, you need intercultural intelligence. Step out of your comfort zone and challenge your own world view. You will become a world citizen and have a better understanding of people, politics, faiths and yourself!